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Imperative SentencesIn Tamil, the imperative form of a verb is not only used to issue commands but also regularly used to make requests. This is done in Tamil in two ways: a) an impolite and/or intimate/informal way and b) a polite or formal way.
Informal/Impolite ImperativeInformal imperative form is used only to address young persons, servants, and children. It is also used among close friends. Addressing elders and respectable persons with impolite forms would result either an embarassing moment or would offend. In anger people use this form to address or insult each other, without regard to age or status. The impolite or intimate form of an imperative verb is just the root form without any inflection. For example,
Polite imperativeThe polite imperative is made by attaching the plural marker to the root, instead of having a separate word like 'Please.'
It can also be used to issue imperatives to plural addresses. For example, using பாருங்கள் to ask someone and a group of people respectively to see/look at something, or when used with a single person, to politely ask that person to see/look.
The following table shows the inflections for polite imperative and plural imperative form for a set of verbs in Tamil.
Making requests using the imperativeOne can also attach ஏன் (cf. 'Why?')to the polite imperative to make an imperative even more polite, as a request or indirect command. For example,
Translate the following. (add உங்கள் with verb)
1) Please make Idli. இட்லி செய்யுங்கள்.
2) Please sit here.
3) Please sing a song.
4) Please go to your house.
5) Please cook food.
6) Please read this story.
7) Please walk.
8) Come to my house tomorrow.
9) Tell me a story.
10) Leave your book here.
1) Come to my house with you younger brother.
2) Go to school in a car.
3) Eat Idly at your house.
4) Buy a good Tamil book from the store.
5) Come to my house from your house in a bike.
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